Best Programming Languages for Web Development

Best Programming Languages for Web Development

Are you interested in web development? If so, you should know about the programming languages needed for it. Assuming you are new to web development and don’t know where to start or what basic programming languages are required.

Web development is divided into two departments: front-end development and back-end development, dealing with different aspects of the web. The front end, or client side, is what we see in our browser, while the back end, or server-side, handles processes on the server.

When viewing the source code of a website, it’s the front end, not the back end. These are the programming languages needed for front-end development.

To check the source code, right-click on the page and select “view page source” or use “Ctrl+U“. You can also view the source code by typing “view-source:” followed by the URL in the address bar.

Now, you might have questions about front-end programming languages and what constitutes the back end of a website. Let me clarify.

Front End and Back End

Front-end developers deal with the front end of a website, and back-end developers handle the back end. Without both of these departments, the website is incomplete.

A front-end developer ensures how the website will look and focuses on user experience, while a back-end developer ensures the functionality of the website.

If you are considering a career in web development, you should know all the basic programming languages needed for both front-end and back-end development.

Many programming languages are used in web development. As you are a beginner, today we will discuss the top 5 basic programming languages you should know for web development.

Basic Programming Language for Web Development

Here are the basic programming languages you need to learn to start web development:


HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language. It is not a programming language but a markup language used to define the structure of a webpage.

It instructs the browser on how to display content, including headings, paragraphs, images, tables, lists, and more. HTML is easy to learn; one can grasp it within a week.

2. CSS

Once you have completed HTML, you should learn CSS. CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheets, and it is a styling programming language used to define the style of a webpage. It is also easy to learn. With the help of CSS, we can change font style, font size, font color, and more.

In web development, you can use CSS in three different ways: External style sheet, Internal style sheet, and Inline style. An external style sheet styles the entire website. An internal style sheet styles some HTML elements, and inline style styles only one HTML tag.

3. JavaScript

JavaScript is the programming language of HTML and the web. Unlike HTML and CSS, JavaScript is also easy to learn.

With the help of JavaScript, we can program the behavior of web pages, and create web applications, web games, and more. JavaScript is used in web development to add functionality to the website.

Note: The above three are the front-end programming languages used in web development. Now let us discuss some of the basic back-end programming languages.

4. PHP

PHP is a server scripting language and a powerful tool for creating dynamic and interactive web pages and web applications. It stands for Hypertext Preprocessor and is a widely used open-source scripting language.

Both PHP and JavaScript are scripting languages, but the server executes PHP as a server-side script, while the client web browser executes JavaScript as a client-side script.

5. SQL

SQL stands for Structured Query Language. It is used for accessing and manipulating databases. With the help of SQL, we can store, manipulate, and retrieve data in databases.


Above are the top 5 basic programming languages you should know if you are new to web development. Besides these, there are other programming languages used in the web development industry.

Now, if we talk about career opportunities, there is a huge demand for front-end and back-end developers. It is your choice whether you want to become a front-end developer or a back-end developer. You can also become a full-stack developer with knowledge of both.

Posted by
Ajoy Kumar

He is a Computer Science graduate dedicated to empowering individuals to forge successful careers in programming and the dynamic world of technology and industry.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *