Top Programming Languages for IoT Development

Top Programming Languages for IoT Development

There is no doubt about the fact that the Internet of Things is the next big thing in the Information Technology industry. Many developers and technical enthusiasts have already focused on learning the new skills required to pursue a career in this field.

However, if you are an amateur and do not know the 10 best programming languages to learn for IoT development that would help you ride the wave of IoT, then read this article carefully.

Programming Languages for IoT Development

Here, we’ve discussed the best programming languages for IoT development that can provide you with promising careers with IoT projects.

1. ParaSail

ParaSail stands for Parallel Specification and Implementation Language, designed to assist in the safe and secure development of applications. Other features of this language include its highly portable nature, allowing it to easily adapt to a heterogeneous and distributed architecture.

The Parasail language boasts high-level specification features, including parameterized modules and invariants that can be applied across different operations within the module. Additionally, various features offered by this new programming language make it the first choice for people who would like to set up a career in IoT.

2. Python

There is no doubt in the fact that Python is one of the most popular languages in the developer community. However, it has an equal impact on IoT projects and is placed in the second position in the gateways. Python holds the third position in terms of edge nodes.

The reason why Python is the most preferred language for IoT developers is that it has a vast developer community and a large number of libraries. Moreover, there are various tools available for this programming language as well.

3. Go

The Go programming language, often known as Golang, is a programming language created by Google. This programming language can play an integral role in developing IoT projects. The Go language is considered essential because it features inbuilt concurrency and offers superior management, aiding in hardware utilization. All this makes the language well-suited for supporting devices.

The Go language is compatible with IoT devices because it offers complete hardware utilization, cloud community support, and the option of inbuilt concurrency, making the language compatible with various platforms.

4. Java and JavaScript

If it is a developer, then Java and JavaScript will be their favored choices. Even though Java and JavaScript are different languages, when it comes to IoT applications, both languages have the right amount of impact to deal with IoT projects. According to recent statistics from 2019, it has been reported that Java and JavaScript languages dominate the edge nodes and IoT cloud applications.

Moreover, these languages hold the third and fourth positions, respectively, in terms of constrained devices. Java embedded for the Internet of Things offers countless benefits, such as steady resource availability, various kinds of hardware compatibility, as well as low support costs.

5. Lua

Lua is a procedural and general-purpose programming language meant to support data description facilities. Being an extensible procedural language, this general-purpose extensible language can only be used when embedded in a host client.

One of the most popular frameworks for IoT developed around the Lua interpreter is Node.lua, which is somewhat similar to Node.js.

6. C and C++

C and C++ are among the oldest programming languages, maintaining a never-ending demand in the programming field. However, when it comes to IoT projects, C and C++ rule the list. Comparing C and C++, the former tops the list, and C++ is in the second position.

The reason why C and C++ can help you with IoT projects is that these languages are highly portable, and the microcontrollers of IoT devices are compatible with them.

7. PHPoC

PHPoC, or PHP on Chip, is a popular programming language built around the PHP language. The programming language serves as an IoT hardware platform where the syntax is similar to the PHP language. The PHP-based language makes it suitable for web development as well.

It is also regarded as a general-purpose programming language and replicates the features of PHP and its core functions. Additionally, there are some new functions that the programming language offers for better interaction with hardware peripherals such as I2C, SPI, ADC, TIMER/COUNTER, RTC, and much more.

8. Rust Programming Language

The Rust programming language was introduced as an alternative to C. However, in the recent past, the language has become valuable for IoT developers. Some of the features of the Rust programming language include superior memory management and low runtime overhead.

Being a systems programming language, it guarantees the user strong safety that prevents any form of memory corruption in the system. The programming language can also solve many problems that the user might face in the C programming language.


Various other programming languages might be recommended for you when you are focusing on IoT careers. However, we have prepared the list after hours of research and found this programming language to be worthy of any other language. If you have any different programming languages for IoT development in mind, that you think we have missed out on, then please let us know in the comment section.

Posted by
Ajoy Kumar

He is a Computer Science graduate dedicated to empowering individuals to forge successful careers in programming and the dynamic world of technology and industry.

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