What is Tor Browser and How Does It Work?

What is Tor Browser and How Does It Work

You may have noticed a notification on your screen when browsing the internet that says, “You need to accept the cookie policy to access this website.” So, if you see a disclaimer like this, it implies you’re giving them access to your web browser so they can send you notifications in the future. Now, why would you let someone else know about the websites you visit?

On the other hand, Tor Browser lets you browse the internet anonymously. As a result, it eventually safeguards your online identity. Apart from that, there are many compelling features that the Tor Browser offers. So, in this article, we’ll learn more about the Tor Browser and how it works.

What is Tor Browser?

Tor Browser is a web browser developed by the Tor Project. It is the world’s most powerful tool for online privacy and freedom. It’s a web browser that allows you to surf the web anonymously and protect yourself from traffic analysis.

Tor Browser is a free browser you can download for Windows, macOS, Linux, and Android. Using the Tor Browser, you can shield yourself from tracking, spying, and censorship. What’s more, Tor Browser automatically deletes your browsing history and cookies when you close the program.

What Makes Tor Browser Different than Others?

Identity theft on the internet is on the rise. As a result, we must stay informed about what is going on, on the internet. You are at risk while utilizing popular web browsers to browse the internet. Information can be stolen by anyone and used against you. So you have two options: one, use a VPN, or two, use the Tor Browser.

If you decide to utilize a VPN, it might cost a lot, and using a free VPN is unreliable. So, if you’re looking for a free option, the Tor Browser is a good choice. Here are some compelling reasons to use the Tor Browser:

1. Blocks Trackers

The Tor Browser’s ability to separate each webpage is one of its most unique features. Also, it will prevent any unwanted adverts or alerts from being sent by any 3rd-party Tracker. 

What’s more impressive is that it doesn’t keep track of your browser history. So there’s no need to be concerned about cookies and browser history leaks.

You may be concerned to learn that anyone with sufficient knowledge can hack into your IP address while surfing the internet. It means that anyone can see what websites you go to or what activities you are doing on the internet.

Even they can access your credit card information. To avoid this, You can use the Tor Browser, which makes tracking impossible for anyone.

2. Provides Multi-layered Encryption

For those unfamiliar with Tor Relays, it is a network of thousands of computers run entirely by volunteers. As a result, whenever you use the Tor Browser to visit a website, they encrypt it three times using their Tor Relays network. As a result, you can browse the internet safely.

There is often a delay in content because traffic passes via so many relays. To use the Tor Browser, you must have a decent internet connection. Photos and movies, in particular, have issues loading, which makes your browsing experience slow.

3. It’s Free

It is free. You can download the Tor Browser and use it for free on all the platforms. Using Tor Browser, you can also access blocked websites and content for free without any restriction.

How Does the Tor Browser Work?

Tor Network
Image Source: fossbytes.com

Tor Browser functions differently as compared to conventional web browsers. It has its own set of servers known as; Tor Relays (The Tor Network). As a result, each time you type a web URL and click Enter, your request is sent to the Tor Relays servers. The next thing, it replaces the URL you requested with a new one. Then it redirects you to the webpage you wanted.

All the browser data is encrypted and untraceable on the Tor Relays servers. It has three layers of encryption, making snooping into your personal information very impossible. Meanwhile, there are a few things you should be aware of regarding the browser.

First, it is legal in almost every country. You can use it freely without any restrictions. Secondly, the browser is slow compared to other browsers as it has to perform that encryption process to keep your browsing experience safe. Finally, you might find some sites are not working in this browser as the site has some compatibility issues.


I hope you got an idea about how the Tor Browser works. Please, note that we are not suggesting an alternative for the popular web browsers. All the browser has their pros and cons. We are trying to prioritize the security aspect while you surf the internet.

No doubt that the Tor Bowser has some issues like; slow browsing and some websites that are not compatible with the browser. Tor Browser has specific use case scenarios. If you have any questions, you can leave them in the comment section below.

Posted by
Ajoy Kumar

He is a Computer Science graduate dedicated to empowering individuals to forge successful careers in programming and the dynamic world of technology and industry.

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