Why Are There So Many Programming Languages?

Why Are There So Many Programming Languages

Have you ever wondered why there are so many programming languages in the world? What’s even more interesting is that more of them are in development right now. What if there were only a handful of programming languages? Wouldn’t it be nice to learn one language and do everything with it? Or would that somehow be an obstruction? Before we answer all those questions, it would be best if we know what a programming language is.

In simple terms, a programming language is a medium through which we can interact with a computer to perform a specific task. Since the computer doesn’t understand the languages we speak, we invented programming languages to get the job done. So, in this article, we will find answers to all these questions and discuss the purpose of computer languages in simple terms.

Evaluation of Programming Languages

As we have a bit of an idea about what programming languages are, we can start finding answers to the questions we have raised. We will discuss the main reasons why there are so many languages out there later. However, what we will answer now is whether or not we can suffice with a handful of languages.

The answer is yes, but that would be extremely difficult and would cause a major setback to the development of the IT industry. With a limited number of languages, we can do limited work. Since we have the choice to pick a suitable one for the job at hand, the ways to do them would be specific. That would eventually resist overall productivity. So, there should be tons of programming languages.

Why Are There So Many Programming Languages?

Now, let us focus on the main reasons why developers take the initiative to create so many computer languages. As we have evaluated, three main reasons allow companies and experts to create a vast number of languages.

1. To Solve Different Problems

The first reason is pretty apparent. We need different languages to solve various problems. Suppose you want to make an application that runs on most operating systems; in that case, you should choose Java. Similarly, you need JavaScript to design websites that run on almost all web browsers.

There are hundreds of examples that we can choose from. However, all the languages typically state one basic thing – there are programming languages best suited to do a particular job.

Because we have the option, we can choose the ideal one to ensure the work gets done efficiently. If we were to take away that option, well, things would be quite different than they are now.

2. The difference in Point of Views

Another reason that lets developers create multiple languages is that some believe they can use a different way to do a particular job. For instance, Java and Python are multi-genre languages, and we can do hundreds of distinct jobs with both languages. However, Python is easy to learn and compatible with different tasks.

Now, that doesn’t mean we can’t do the same in Java. It all comes down to the personal preference of the user and what they want to use. Similarly, we can use PHP to design a website, but at the same time, we have the option to use JavaScript to do the same.

However, one thing that we must know – every language has its pros and cons, which are crucial considerations before choosing one.

3. Keeping Up With the Technological Advancement

We are in the phase of major technological changes. Every day, new technologies emerge, and the old ones become obsolete. So, adept programming languages must be deployed to get the job done. However, we must also consider the resources available to do a particular job.

For example, if you want to use Python on a project, you have to make sure that the workstations are powerful enough to handle it. Python requires hi-tech computers to work, and if that isn’t available, it is best to choose another option.

This is where you can use Java, which runs on almost any computer. So, the bottom line is both languages are essential. Hence, we need multiple languages to provide users with the alternatives they need.


So, those are the main reasons for creating so many programming languages. However, there are some other reasons as well. One such example is a corporate technological war where a company creates a new language that is better than the rest.

Let us not forget the general curiosity of human beings to always be better. All of these factors contribute to the creation of hundreds and thousands of programming languages.

Posted by
Ajoy Kumar

He is a Computer Science graduate dedicated to empowering individuals to forge successful careers in programming and the dynamic world of technology and industry.

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