Difference Between a Framework and Programming Language

Difference Between a Framework and Programming Language

In this world of technology, choosing the right tool is very important especially when you are dealing with a web application or coding. If you are a newbie, several questions may arise in your mind. These queries often confuse you and distract you from studying smoothly.

As a programmer, you should know the basics of programming. However, often new programmers get confused between a framework and a programming language. If you want to know the difference between them, read the article till the end.

Difference Between a Framework and Programming Language

Here we are going to discuss the difference between a framework and a programming language. So, here we go:

Framework: A framework provides a platform for developing a software application. A framework includes predefined classes and functions that help to process input, manage hardware devices, and interact with system software.

Programming Language: A programming language is a set of instructions that is used to interact with the computer. Simply put, it tells your computer what to do. There are several programming languages like Python, Java, etc.

To understand the difference between a framework and a programming language, let’s take an example. You know that there are many formats of cricket like Twenty-20, One Day International, Test series, etc. If cricket is the programming language, then these formats are the frameworks. You can use these formats or create your own to play cricket. But when you are in the professional cricket world, you need to follow one of the above-mentioned formats.

Similarly, you can write code using an existing framework or without using it, or you can create your own framework. In short, programming languages are used to direct computers on what to do, whereas a framework is built on top of a programming language.

Since every programming language comes with syntax and some basic rules, there are different frameworks for different languages. So, a framework should be used for developing an application that is written in that specific language.

There are several frameworks available for different languages. For example, if you are developing a web application using Java, the available frameworks are Spring, GWT, JSF, Struts, etc. Similarly, if you are using Python, you can use frameworks like Django, Tornado, Flask, etc.


For developing a software application, you need to engage in coding, designing, and testing. So, you have to perform a plethora of tasks. The framework usually saves time for developers.

However, choosing the right framework and language is often challenging. Once you select them for your application, it is quite laborious to change them. I hope you have understood the difference and found it useful.

Posted by
Ajoy Kumar

He is a Computer Science graduate dedicated to empowering individuals to forge successful careers in programming and the dynamic world of technology and industry.

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